Return on Invested Capital (ROIC), Everything You Need To Know

Another important measure in business with regards to finances is Return on Investment Capital or (ROIC). ROIC is a ratio that measures the financial performance of operations. It is used to measure how successfully a company invests the money received from shareholders. In other words, it assesses how much profit a company is earning for every invested dollar in that company.
Return on Investment Capital gives a more accurate idea as to whether or not a company is using its invested capital to generate income. This information is critical to those who might be looking to invest in a particular business.

How is ROIC beneficial to your business?

ROIC is especially useful for those companies which have a great deal of invested capital such as oil companies, big box stores, and gas companies. Investors need to be confident that they will get a substantial return on their investment before they make a decision to invest significant funds in a business.
Another way that ROIC is useful is that it can be used to calculate the returns generated by the overall operations of the business as opposed to results from one-time events. Losses and gains that result from fluctuations due to foreign exchange rates and other such unique occurrences are a contributing factor to the net income. However, they are not recurring aspects in normal day-to-day business operation. It is a good rule of thumb to focus primarily on the primary function of your business and considered only income related to that particular core purpose.

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How do you calculate Return on Invested Capital?

You calculate ROIC by subtracting dividends that were paid during the business year from the net income of the same year and then dividing the difference by the invested capital

The formula used to calculate Return on Investment Capital is as follows:
ROIC = Net Income after Tax ÷ Invested Capital*
*Invested Capital is the overall investment in the business, whether it can be generated from equity or debt, that is used to produce income.
The formula for determining Invested Capital is as follows:
Invested Capital = Total Equity + Total Long Term Debt

Investors use the ROIC formula to measure the return on the money they have invested into a company. Since the dividends are then returned to those shareholders, they must not be reconciled in the net income. Investors will have a more accurate idea as to how the company is performing overall, as well as what type of return they are receiving for their investment. They might also use ROIC to compare various companies and determine which company is the most profitable in generating returns for their investors.
It is important to remember that ROIC does not determine the individual performance of company assets. Rather, it determines the overall return on the capital that has been invested in the business by its shareholders.
You use this formula to measure how well the company is managed and is useful for management as well as shareholders. It is also a good measure as to whether or not the capital is being used efficiently. This information is especially useful to investors as it gives an idea of how successfully management makes use of its investments to generate additional revenue for the business. Investors need to be aware of how much money each and every dollar that they invest in that company will earn.

How do you interpret Return on Invested Capital?

As the primary purpose of ROIC is to measure the company’s returns on their shareholder’s holdings, a higher return is always considered more favorable than a low return. Hence, it is more beneficial to yield a higher ROIC, as a higher ROIC indicates that the company is being managed efficiently and that the shareholders’ money is being invested wisely.

It is always important to take the cost of capital, or borrowing rate, into consideration when examining Return on Investment Capital. If the cost of capital exceeds the ROIC over a few years time, it is a serious indicator that the company is losing money per their shareholders’ investments. However, if management takes an active role in seeking to improve ROIC the company can still be seen as a great investment despite the fact that the ROIC is lower than the cost of capital.

Return on Invested Capital is mainly used to compare more than one year of a company’s financial performance. You should also remember that management can easily influence the RICO ratio by such methods as reconciling expense before their time, holding off on paying out a dividend or pushing costs into other time frames. These numbers can affect the ROIC ratio, so it is critical that all finances are recorded correctly.

Financial investments are what keeps a business going during the hard times, as every company has experienced at one time or another. It is important to make sure that as the owner or manager of a manufacturing company, that you ensure that you are yielding a higher ROIC at the end of your fiscal term. In the manufacturing industry, it is important to maintain a consistently higher return on invested capital if you wish to gain more shareholders for your company or increase the investment from your current shareholders.

Author: Eric Raio

Eric Raio is one of the founders of Factory Solutions. When he isn't plotting new ways to create awesome software. He likes to geek out about flying drones and technology.

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